In an American classroom, a lot of emphasis is given to: the rights of the individual, personal responsibility, freedom of choice, interactive learning, liberal education, independent thinking, and democratic principles.
A variety of teaching methods are used in the US classroom including lectures, discussions, observations, practical applications, case examples/studies and real world examples, experiential or active learning, as well as computer based instructions.
Students are expected (and often required) not only to know the content of their courses, but also to think independently about it and to express their own perspectives and opinions in class and in their written work. If they disagree with the instructor or their classmates, they are able to express this in class. Openly disagreeing or simply expressing one’s opinion can be challenging for students who are accustomed to listening and taking notes rather than speaking up.