What is OPT?
- OPT allows you to legally pursue employment in your field of study in the United States for 12 months after obtaining your degree.
- You are still considered an F-1 visa student during OPT.
- An approved I-765 petition (the form on which you apply for employment authorization) results in an Employment Authorization Document (the EAD card). The EAD card and employment help you maintain your lawful F-1 status.
- All work that you accept during OPT is to be in your field of study. If not, it is unauthorized employment and jeopardizes your immigration status.
When can I apply?
- You may apply for OPT no more than 90 days before the program end date listed on your I-20 (Section #5 on the first page) OR no more than 60 days following your program end date.
- If you apply after your program end date, you will not enjoy the full 12 months of employment eligibility.
How do I apply?
Step 1: Select your start date
- Your employment authorization date can begin on the day following your program end date (listed in Section #5 on the first page of your I-20) through the 60th day after your program end date. For example, if your program ends on May 20, your start date can be as early as May 21 or as late as July 19.
Step 2: Gather your documents
- Collect the OPT application packet from the ISS Office in CLO 176
- Completed I-765 which will be discussed in Step 3
- A job offer if available; If not, you are still eligible to submit your petition.
- $410 check or money order payable to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security;
- Write your SEVIS # in memo section. If you are unsure how to write it, please ask for help when you bring your documents to ISS.
- Two passport-style color photos with a white background taken no earlier than 30 days before submission to USCIS
- (write your name and I-94 number on back of photos).
- Have them taken at Walgreens.
- Copies of all three pages of each previous I-20, including the endorsement page to prove whether OPT was received in the past. Do not staple pages of I-20s together.
- Photocopy of any previous EAD
- Photocopy of biographical (picture) page of passport
- Photocopy of most recent visa
- Photocopy of most recent I-94 front and back or of electronic number from the U.S. Customs and Border Protection website.
- Photocopy of SEVIS I-20 with OPT recommendation on page 2.
- (Note: We will prepare the OPT I-20. You will not have this I-20 to turn in with your package to us. It will be prepared after we process your package and before you send it to USCIS.)
- Optional Practical Training Proposed Employment Request – It is on this form that you will indicate the date you would like for your employment authorization to begin.
- Optional Practical Training Certificate – This form, signed by your academic advisor, certifies that your expected program completion date is at the end of the current semester.
Step 3A: Complete the I-765
- The I-765 contains the information USCIS will review to determine your employment eligibility. It is required to apply for OPT. Typing it is preferred to ensure that the USCIS officer can read and enter all of the information correctly.
- Click on the link for the Form I-765 on the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services website.
- If you have never applied for an Employment Authorization Document card to work in the U.S. (CPT and on-campus work excluded), check the box “Permission to accept employment”.
- Line 1 – Type your family name, first name, and middle name. Ex. STUDENT (family name), Any (first name)
- Line 2 – c/o Marsha Gordon, Purdue University Northwest; If you do not have enough space, you can write the missing letters when you print the form.
- Line 3 – 2200 169th St CLO 176 then Hammond (city), IN (state), and 46323 (ZIP code)
- Lines 4 to 8 – Provide your biograhphical information.
- Line 9 – Leave this blank if you do not have a Social Security Number.
- Line 10 – If you have never had an EAD card, list your I-94 number.
- Line 11 – Check which option applies to you. If you answer “yes”, complete the first two lines in the next column. If “no”, skip to Line 12.
- Lines 12 to 13 – Using your I-94 or U.S. Port of Entry stamp in your passport, state the date of your last entry into the U.S. and the place where you last entered.
- Lines 14 to 15 – List the immigration status you had during the last time you entered the U.S. and your current immigration status.
- Line 16 – Enter the following characters in the parentheses as (c) (3) (B)
- Line 17 – Leave this blank as you are applying for standard OPT.
- Certification – Type your telephone number and the date. You will sign the form once you have printed it.
Step 3B: Complete the G-1145
- The G-1145 is not required but its submission will allow you to receive the receipt number by email and text message before the paper copy is delivered to the ISS Office. It can be handwritten or typed.
- Click on the link for the Form G-1145 from the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services website.
Step 4: Submit your documents to the ISS Office
- Submit all of your documents for review by ISS staff. This will take no more than one week.
- You will receive an email to collect your documents and mail them via the U.S. Postal Service to the appropriate address.
I have sent my petition to USCIS. What should I do now?
- Wait for your receipt which will begin with YSC followed by a series of numbers. Check the petition’s case status on the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services website.
- Continue searching for a position if you do not have one when you apply.
- Keep in mind that you can only begin working once your I-765 petition has been approved, you have the EAD card in your hand, and the start date on the card has arrived.
When will I receive my EAD card and where will it be delivered?
- It can take up to 90 days for USCIS to review your petition. If 75 days pass and your EAD card has not been issued, contact the ISS Office. A pending petition I-765 maintains your immigration status while you wait for the EAD card.
- Because you used the office address on the I-765, your EAD card will be delivered to campus. We will notify you and ask if you will collect it or if you would like for us to forward it to you. It cannot be released to anyone and will only be sent the FedEx office from which you would like to collect it.
You have your EAD card! What’s Next?
(Hint hint–It’s time to report your employment!!!)
- During your 12 months of OPT, USCIS allows you to be unemployed for 90 days without it affecting your immigration status. If you accrue more than 90 days of unemployment, USCIS will consider you out of status.
- During OPT, you are still required to report any address OR employment changes within 10 days to the ISS staff.
- If you never report your employment, we cannot update your SEVIS record so it will appear that you are not maintaining your status through work.
- Working at least 21 hours per week in a position in your field is considered full-time during OPT.
Frequently asked questions
- What if I change my mind and want to cancel my application for OPT?
Once you have submitted your application and your EAD card has been approved, you cannot cancel your OPT. Even if you only use a few months and then go back to school, you cannot cancel the remaining months of OPT.
- If I work on OPT for a year after I finish my bachelor’s or master’s degree and then I go back for the next higher level degree, will I get 12 more months of OPT when I finish it?
Yes, you are eligible for 12 months of OPT after each higher level degree that you complete.
- My OPT has been approved. May I leave and return to the U.S. without a job or a job offer?
- No, your OPT ends if you have been approved but depart the country without the EAD and a confirmation of employment letter or a job offer letter.
- My OPT has been approved and I have begun work or have a job offer letter. May I leave and return to the U.S. to resume/begin work?
Yes, you must provide your unexpired F-1 visa, your I-20 endorsed for travel by an advisor within the past six months, your unexpired EAD, and your confirmation of continuing employment letter or your job offer letter. Ensure that the letter states whether you are traveling for business or vacation and your expected return date to work.
- I need to renew my visa. What information should I give to the consular official?
If you need a visa, you should take your I-20, your EAD card, and a letter from your employer that states the amount you are being paid and the date you are expected back at work. If you do not have a job or have been on OPT for more than 6 months, your chances of being granted a new visa are reduced. Remember, there is never a guarantee that you will get a new visa.
- Can I extend my OPT?
OPT is granted for 12 months. If you graduated with a degree in specific Science, Technology, Engineering or Mathematics (STEM) fields, you may be eligible to apply for STEM OPT before your EAD card expires. If you would like to work for a longer period, ask your employer about the possibility of applying for an H-1B or another temporary work authorization after you begin work. Don’t wait until the OPT is over to do this. Your employer can begin the process 6 months prior to the end date.
Am I eligible to apply for STEM OPT?
- Please read the information on the STEM OPT Hub page of the studyinthestates website, to determine your eligibility based on your program of study. Two major requirements are that you must be employed by a company using the E-Verify system and willing to develop an extensive personalized training plan in order for you to apply for this benefit.
- If eligible, you may apply 90 days before your first 12 months of OPT end.
Questions for ISS?
Contact the ISS staff with any questions you have before submitting your documents: